Impacts of Palm Bunch Ash and Brine Solutions on the Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Compositions of “Ugba” (Pentaclethra macrophyll Benth)

Anthonia Ezidimma Uzoukwu, Michael Nwankwo Chukwu, Ijeoma Adanma Olawuni, Serah Ogechi Alagbaoso, Arinze Francis Ofoedum, Evelyn Juachi Anaeke, Tokunbo Alaba Odeyemi and Confidence Ogbuka

 

Abstract

The impacts of palm bunch ash (PBA) and brine solutions on the microbial and organoleptic properties of ugba were determined. The solutions were prepared from 500 g of PBA and 50 g of NaCl which were dissolved in 1 L water separately. The ugba was produced and divided into 3 equal portions of 500 g. Half of each solution was added separately to each portion, which was cooked in 1 L of water. The third portion, known as the control (CON), was cooked in the absence of any solution. The pieces of ugba underwent a 48 h fermentation process after being cooled, soaked, cleaned, and wrapped. The SPSS software version 23 was used to perform a one-way ANOVA on the acquired data. The proximate compositions of the four ugba samples were: moisture, protein, and ash contents (%) showed significant impacts amongst samples (32.36 ugba sample treated/cooked in brine solution at week 4 (BRS4); 38.86 ugba sample treated/cooked in PBA solution at week 4 (PAM4); 47.68 CON4); (15.69 BRS4; 12.22 PAM4; 8.74 CON sample at week 4 (CON4)); and (3.08 BRS4; 2.65 PAM4; 4.01 CON sample at week 4 (CON4)) respectively. The following vitamin contents were measured in mg/100 g: B1 (0.043 BRS4; 0.053 PAM4; 0.979 CON4); B2 (0.078 BRS4; 0.072 PAM4; 0.105 CON4); and B3 (0.088 BRS4; 0.091 PAM4; 0.099 CON4). The samples exhibit the following anti-nutritional composition (mg/100 g): phytates (1.30 BRS4; 1.15 PAM4; 0.64 CON4), oxalates (8.77 BRS4; 7.16 PAM4; 3.72 CON4), tannins (2.70 BRS4; 1.88 PAM4; 1.69 CON4), and hydrogen cyanide (HCN) (1.93 BRS4; 1.57 PAM4; 1.32 CON4). It was discovered that the nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of ugba were affected by PBA and brine solutions.

Published on: April 08, 2024
doi: 10.17756/jfcn.2024-174
Citation: Uzoukwu AE, Chukwu MN, Olawumi IA, Alagbaoso SO, Odeyemi TA, et al. 2024. Impacts of Palm Bunch Ash and Brine Solutions on the Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Compositions of “Ugba” (Pentaclethra macrophyll Benth). J Food Chem Nanotechnol 10(2): 49-58.

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