Role of Phytoconstituents of Medicinal Plants in Curing Type 2 Diabetes

Mittu Katoch, Narayan Singh, Anjana Negi, Nishtha and Satyanarayan Murthy


Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a group of disorders when the level of glucose in the blood increases beyond the requirement of the body. The increase in blood glucose is mainly due to the reasons if body does not produce an appropriate amount of insulin, or the body is unable to respond to the insulin produced by the pancreas. The prior symptoms of the diabetic patient are polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia. The reason for this disease is a stressed life, change in lifestyle, very little physical exercise, and related activities due to modernization, industrialization, and urbanization. As the glucose accumulation increases in the body, it starts affecting all the organs and tissues. It causes many serious diseases, which are curable up to its first stages, but with time, these diseases become more dreadful and lead to tissue and organ failure. Many discoveries have been there for many years but still, the disease is a panic and has life-ending effects. Nowadays, the use of herbal medicine is more in trend for curing diabetes either type 1 or type 2 due to their low side effects and cost-effectiveness. The use of medicinal plants proves to be the best alternative for curing these diseases, as these are best for health consciousness, cost-effectiveness, and reliability. Recent studies have suggested that nanoparticles have emerged as an ascending and promising factor in their role in herbal medicine including to control diabetes. The preparation of nanoparticles from the various extracts of the herbal plants also led to the increased efficiency of the herbs against diabetes and enhanced shelf life. In conclusion, medicinal plants can be used either in pure form or in the form of metal-coated nanoparticles to control diabetes in humans.

Published on: March 08, 2024
doi: 10.17756/jfcn.2024-s1-005
Citation: Katoch M, Singh N, Negi A, Nishtha, Murthy S. 2024. Role of Phytoconstituents of Medicinal Plants in Curing Type 2 Diabetes. J Food Chem Nanotechnol 10(S1): S34-S41.