Nanotechnology in Agriculture for Improving Crop Yield: A Review

Bhanuprakash HR, Deepak R Sapkal, Malalu Hanumanthappa, HP Rajath, Sangeeta Pandey, Navinkumar, Vishwanth VE and Soumya K

Abstract

In today’s agricultural research, nanotechnology has taken the lead. Nano fertilizers are one of the most recent advances in the field of agriculture. These fertilizers are recent agricultural innovations, they can boost crop health, productivity, and food quality. Nano fertilizers release nutrients in the soil in a regulated, sustained manner and are highly effective and target oriented. It increases plant surface area for metabolic activities, speeding photosynthesis and agricultural yield, it also enhances direct nutrient uptake into the plant system and releasing fixed nutrients to restore soil fertility. It protects crops against biotic and abiotic stress, lowers cultivation costs, reduces fertilizer waste, and enhances nutrient usage efficiency. Studies suggest that nano fertilizers boost fertilizer efficiency, reduce soil toxicity, reduce overdosage risks, and release nutrients precisely. Foliar application is possible in poor soil and weather conditions. Nanostructured formulations can release active ingredients more precisely in response to environmental stimuli and biological demands through targeted delivery. Nano biosensors diagnose crop input demands in controlled environments and supply them on time and in the proper area. Nanotechnology enables new paths for agricultural research and has higher promise for sustainable agricultural practices, especially in developing nations like India.

Published on: November 08, 2023
doi: 10.17756/jfcn.2023-s1-053
Citation: Bhanuprakash HR, Sapkal DR, Hanumanthappa M, Rajath HP, Pandey S, et al. 2023. Nanotechnology in Agriculture for Improving Crop Yield: A Review. J Food Chem Nanotechnol 9(S1): S420-S428.

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