Optimized Phytoremediation Process for the Sustainable Management of Radionuclides in the Food Chain

Anita Jaswal, Arshdeep Singh, Shimpy Sarkar and Maninder Singh


Heavy metal contamination has increased because of rapid industrialization, rising industrial waste, increasing agricultural inputs, and mining. Radionuclides were unconfined into the geo environment because of authorized nuclear waste discharge, nuclear weapons testing, and other activities. The environment is contaminated by a range of metals, including radionuclides, that can disrupt biogeochemical cycles, in all its components, including the air, water, and soil. Heavy metals and radionuclides are important environmental contaminants that are cytotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic. Therefore, the improper use of such harmful toxic drugs requires proper attention. Without proper management, the risk of RN mobilization to the food chain through the channels of crops and animal’s results in biomagnifications. Vegetables that have radioactive and heavy metal deposits have an impact on human health. Vegetable contamination levels rose as a result of higher Gomati River contamination with heavy metals (HMs) like Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, and Zn from industrial and agricultural runoff. This increased contamination could be harmful to consumers’ health. Because of its capacity to clean up damaged and contaminated landscapes without generating further ecological disruptions, phytoremediation has gained widespread acceptance in both developed and developing countries. We have also covered a variety of phytoremediation methods for the environmentally friendly removal of certain pollutants. The review also includes crucial elements for improving phytoremediation approach using several soil amendments, including biochar, organic materials, organic acid exudes, humic compounds, and criteria for choosing hyperaccumulator plants. Traditional remediation methods are prohibitively expensive for soil and water. As a result, phytoremediation has enormous potential to not only contain toxicants but also to recover useful components. In addition, potential future effects of such an improved phytoremediation are also proposed.

Published on: November 03, 2023
doi: 10.17756/jfcn.2023-s1-038
Citation: Jaswal A, Singh A, Sarkar S, Singh M. 2023. Optimized Phytoremediation Process for the Sustainable Management of Radionuclides in the Food Chain. J Food Chem Nanotechnol 9(S1): S291-S299.