Recent Advances in Vegetative Propagation of Papaya

Gadampally Harshitha, Anis Mirza and Gunda Pranathi

Abstract

Worldwide, the papaya (Carica papaya L.) fruit tree is of enormous commercial and nutritional appeal. Its propagation is possible in both sexual and asexual ways. The micropropagation method in vegetative propagation has received a lot of attention. Grafting has been used in research development as well. The effort required for breeding new plant varieties can be reduced dramatically by producing haploids through anther culture. Over the past few years, the way papaya are grown and cultivated has become a model for other fruit plants, showing how biotechnological methods, such as plant genetic engineering and germplasm conservation, can be used. This has resulted in the advancement of techniques used to grow and preserve different types of fruit plants. However, growth of papaya is limited by various factors such as being dioecious (having separate male and female plants), being vulnerable to numerous viral diseases, and inherent heterozygosity. Since 1970s scientists have conducted extensive research on papaya’s tissue culture, micropropagation and somatic embryogenesis techniques. This review summarizes the documented methods used to overcome the constraints of papaya cultivation by means of vegetative propagation.

Published on: October 27, 2023
doi: 10.17756/jfcn.2023-s1-017
Citation: Harshitha G, Mirza A, Pranathi G. 2023. Recent Advances in Vegetative Propagation of Papaya. J Food Chem Nanotechnol 9(S1): S132-S140.

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