The Pharmacological Potential of Bioactive Components of Zizypus jujuba Seeds: A Review

Aman Jyoti, Jyoti Singh and Sezai Ercisli


Ziziphus jujuba or Jujube, belonging to the Rhamnaceae family, is used predominantly in China, India, and other Southeast Asian regions and has been used as a fruit and medicinal remedy since ancient times. Seeds of jujube have great pharmacological benefits like antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and diuretic activities. All these properties are owed to the various phytochemicals present like flavonoids, phenolic compounds, triterpenic acids, and polysaccharides. Seeds of Z. jujuba are used to treat a variety of conditions, including cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal disorders like inflammatory bowel disease, sedative and hypnotic effects, anxiolytic properties that act as neuroprotectants in a variety of cognitive disorders, antibacterial and antiulcer prop-erties that reduce inflammation, hypotensive and antinephritic properties, and antifertility/contraceptive activity. The seeds of Z. jujuba possess a lot of scope especially because of their high nutritive value moreover it is discarded as agricultural waste during its processing. Overall, the review emphasizes the potential of Z. jujuba seeds as a natural remedy for treating a variety of health conditions and encourages further research to fully understand its therapeutic properties and its action of mechanism. The various applications of Z. jujuba seeds in traditional medicine and to produce modern products make it a promising source of medicinal compounds and a nutritious superfood. Thus, jujube has a great possibility for future research to gain more knowledge of its health benefits.

Published on: October 24, 2023
doi: 10.17756/jfcn.2023-s1-010
Citation: Jyoti A, Singh J, Ercisli S. 2023. The Pharmacological Potential of Bioactive Components of Zizypus jujuba Seeds: A Review. J Food Chem Nanotechnol 9(S1): S58-S71.