Application of Biotechnology on Potato (Solanum tuberosum)

Vidushi, Paras, Vishal Tripathi and Deven Verma

Abstract

The potato is the most widely grown non-cereal crop and the third most important food crop in the world. Its use in biotechnology for crop enhancement has a long history since it is a species that adapts itself well to cell culture. This analysis starts with a historical overview of potato biotechnology advancements, including disease eradication, widespread hybridization, ploidy manipulation, and cell culture applications. We go through recent advancements and fresh ideas for transferring genes to potatoes. The sole effective method for producing isogenic populations of certain genotypes or varieties is by transformation. This method works particularly well for adding individual genes to current top potato clones with little to no disturbance to their genetic history. Due to the high heterozygosity in the tetraploid potato genome, it is almost difficult to achieve this using traditional breeding since the genetic makeup of potato clones is destroyed during sexual reproduction as a result of allele segregation. The creation of genetic mapping and the use of molecular markers and other genomics in potato breeding have both been hindered by these genetic traits. Different molecular techniques are described for genotype-phenotype associations, candidate genes, describing loci, and alleles in potato.

Published on: October 23, 2023
doi: 10.17756/jfcn.2023-s1-002
Citation: Vidushi, Paras, Tripathi V, Verma D. 2023. Application of Biotechnology on Potato (Solanum tuberosum). J Food Chem Nanotechnol 9(S1): S6-S11.

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