Nagaland, a hilly state of India, is the home for large number of wild edible legumes which has the potential to add to the food security. In the present study, effort was invested to evaluate certain nutritional parameters of 13 wild as well as cultivated lesser known edible legume species. Study finds that most of these species are very rich nutritionally. In this study, the maximum moisture content was observed in the fruit of Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (90.48%) followed by seeds of Lablab purpureus (82.57%); highest total protein content was observed in Vigna umbellata (76.50 mg/g) followed by Lablab purpureus (76.19 mg/g). Fruit of Canavalia gladiata showed the highest total carbohydrate content (944.52 mg/g) and reducing sugar content (717.78 mg/g) followed by seeds of Pisum sativum where in the total carbohydrate content was 807.62 mg/g and the non-reducing sugar content was observed to be 688.19 mg/g. Both the total phenolic content and total flavanoid content were observed to be highest in flowers of Bauhinia variegata with 26.94 mg GAE/g and 265.69mg QE/g respectively. Highest antioxidant activity was observed in Mucuna pruriens with IC50 value of 127 µg/mL.
Citation: Pongener A, Deb CR. 2021. Analysis of Certain Nutritional Parameters of Some Edible Lesser Known Legumes of Nagaland, India. J Food Chem Nanotechnol 7(2): 47-53.