Comparative Studies on Some Physicochemical Properties of Oil Extracted from Gamma Irradiated Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Seeds

Sesamum-1
Mahfouz Al-Bachir and Y. Othman

 

Abstract

The present study has been conducted to evaluate the characterization of the oil extracted from local cultivated sesame seeds that produced under Syrian conditions, and to explore the effect of gamma irradiation (3, 6 and 9 kGy) and storage period (6 and 12 months) on some quality characteristics of sesame seed oil. The physico-chemical properties of oil extracted from non-irradiated samples of sesame seeds were: acid value (AV) (2.79 mg KOH g-1 oil), peroxide value (PV) (1.69 meq O2 kg-1 oil), Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) (0.022 mg MDA kg-1 oil), iodine value (IV) (98.36 g I2 100 g-1oil), saponification value (SV) (186.27 mg KOH g-1 oil), refractive index (RI) (1.471) and color values (L* = 90.14, a* = 50.76, b* = 30.47 and ΔE = 68.23). The results demonstrated that the AV, PV, TBA, IV, SN, RI and color values were significantly (p<0.05) altered upon irradiation and storage. Gamma irradiation and storage time increased AV, PV, TBA, IV, SN, and RI. However, all tested markers of oil that extracted from irradiated and un-irradiated seeds field within the limited value recommended by Codex Alimentarius Commission.

Published on: June 17, 2019
doi: 10.17756/jfcn.2019-069
Citation: Comparative Studies on Some Physicochemical Properties of Oil Extracted from Gamma Irradiated Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Seeds. J Food Chem Nanotechnol 5(2): 36-42.
 
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